Joseph-Louis Lagrange, comte de l'Empire (January 25, 1736 – April 10, 1813) was an Italian-French mathematician and astronomer who made important contributions to all fields of analysis and number theory and to classical and celestial mechanics as arguably the greatest mathematician of the 18th century. It is said that he was able to write out his papers complete without a single correction required.
His field of research/contribution: Lagrangian Mechanics
Sir Isaac Newton, FRS (4 January 1643 – 31 March 1727) was an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, alchemist, and natural philosopher, widely regarded as one of the key figures in the history of science. Newton wrote the Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica (commonly known as the Principia), a treatise in which he described universal gravitation and the three laws of motion, laying the groundwork for classical mechanics.
His field of research/contribution: Newtonian mechanics, optics, law of cooling
Albert Einstein (March 14, 1879 – April 18, 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest physicists.He formulated the special and general theories of relativity. In addition, he made significant contributions to quantum theory and statistical mechanics. While best known for the Theory of Relativity (and specifically mass-energy equivalence, E=mc2), he was awarded the 1921 Nobel Prize for Physics for his explanation of the photoelectric effect in 1905 (his "wonderful year" or "miraculous year") and "for his services to Theoretical Physics".
His field of research/contribution: Relativitistic Mechanics ,Quantum Mechanics
James Clerk Maxwell (13 June 1831 – 5 November 1879) was a Scottish mathematical physicist, born in Edinburgh. Maxwell formulated a set of equations expressing the basic laws of electricity and magnetism and developed the Maxwell distribution in the kinetic theory of gases.
His field of research/contribution: Electromagnetic theory, statistical mechanics
Andre-Marie Ampere (January 20, 1775 – June 10, 1836), was a French physicist who is generally credited as one of the main discoverers of electromagnetism.Ampere's fame mainly rests on the service that he rendered to science in establishing the relations between electricity and magnetism, and in developing the science of electromagnetism, or, as he called it, electrodynamics
His field of research/contribution: electromagnetic theory
Heinrich Friedrich Emil Lenz (February 12, 1804 - February 10, 1865) was a Baltic German physicist most famous for formulating Lenz's law in 1833.After completing his secondary education in 1820, Lenz studied chemistry and physics at the University of Tartu.He traveled with Otto von Kotzebue on his third expedition around the world from 1823 to 1826. On the voyage Lenz studied climatic conditions and the physical properties of seawater.
His field of research/contribution: Optics
Tsung-Dao Lee 李政道 (born November 24, 1926) is a Chinese American physicist,well known for creating the Lee Model, the field of relativistic heavy ion physics, and that of nontopological solitons and soliton stars in quantum field theory, as well as the solution for the theta-tau puzzle in particle physics. In 1957, Lee, at age 31, with C. N. Yang received the Nobel Prize in Physics for work on the violation of parity law in weak interaction, which Chien-Shiung Wu experimentally verified. Lee and Yang were the first Chinese Nobel Prize winners.
His field of research/contribution: Quantum Field Theory
Chen Ning Franklin Yang 楊振寧 (born September 22, 1922) is a Chinese American physicist who worked on statistical mechanics and symmetry principles.
In 1957, at the age of 35, he and Tsung-Dao Lee received the Nobel Prize in Physics for their theory that weak force interactions between elementary particles did not have parity (mirror-reflection) symmetry. Chien-Shiung Wu experimentally verified the theory. His relationship with Lee turned sour some time after they had received the Nobel Prize.
His field of research/contribution: Statistical mechanics
Daniel Chee Tsui 崔琦,(born February 28, 1939, Henan Province, China) is a Chinese American physicist whose areas of research included electrical properties of thin films and microstructures of semiconductors and solid-state physics. In 1998, along with Horst L. Stormer of Columbia University and Robert Laughlin of Stanford, Daniel Tsui was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his contributions to the discovery of the fractional quantum Hall effect by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
His field of research/contribution: Quantum Hall Effect
Samuel Chao Chung Ting 丁肇中(born January 27, 1936) is a Michigan-born Chinese American physicist who received the Nobel Prize in 1976 for the discovery of the subatomic ψ particle with Burton Richter.
His field of research/contribution: Atomic physics
Professor Paul Chu 朱經武, born in Hunan, China in 1941, received his Bachelor of Science degree from Cheng-Kung University in Taiwan in 1962. He earned his Master of Science degree from Fordham University, New York in 1965, and completed his PhD degree at the University of California at San Diego in 1968. All of his three degrees are in physics.
He took up an appointment as Professor of Physics at the University of Houston in 1979. After his historic discovery (with M.K. Wu) of superconductivity above 77 K in YBCO in 1987, he was appointed the Director of the Texas Center for Superconductivity.
His field of research/contribution: Superconductivity
Professor Chia-Wei Woo (吳家瑋) was the Founding President of the The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology.Professor Woo was born in Shanghai in 1937. He received his secondary education from Pui Ching Middle School in Hong Kong and went to the US in 1955, where he acquired his BS degree in Physics and Mathematics at Georgetown College and his MA and his PhD degrees in Physics at Washington University in St. Louis.
Since 1964, Professor Woo has published 120 papers and books in various fields of physics, particularly in quantum many-body theory, statistical mechanics, liquid crystals, low temperature physics, and surface physics. Under his supervision, 25 doctoral students and postdoctoral staff completed their thesis and research work.
His field of research/contribution: Statistical Mechanics
Shing-Tung Yau 丘成桐 ,born April 4, 1949 is a prominent mathematician working in differential geometry, and involved in the theory of Calabi-Yau manifolds.
His field of research/contribution: Quantum field theory
Stephen William Hawking, CH, CBE, FRS (born 8 January 1942) is a theoretical physicist. Hawking is the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge, and a Fellow of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge. He is known for his significant contributions to the field of quantum physics, particularly his theories regarding theoretical cosmology, quantum gravity, black holes, and his popular works in which he discusses his own theories and cosmology in general.
His field of research/contribution: quantum theory